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– Four new trial cohorts, including non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) cohorts, added to expansion phase of combination trial; anticipated to begin enrolling in first half of 2018 –
New expansion cohorts include the following:
- patients with advanced non-squamous NSCLC without a defined tumor genetic alteration (EGFR, ALK, ROS1, or BRAF) who have not received prior therapy with an immune checkpoint inhibitor
- patients with NSCLC without a defined tumor genetic alteration who have progressed following treatment with an immune checkpoint inhibitor
- patients with UC who have progressed following treatment with an immune checkpoint inhibitor
- patients with CRPC who have previously received enzalutamide and/or abiraterone acetate and experienced radiographic disease progression in soft tissue
The original trial protocol included four expansion cohorts, which will remain in the amended study:
- patients with RCC with clear cell histology who have not had prior systemic anticancer therapy
- patients with UC who have progressed on or after platinum-containing chemotherapy
- patients with UC who are ineligible for cisplatin-based chemotherapy and have not received prior systemic chemotherapy for inoperable, locally advanced or metastatic disease
- patients with UC who are eligible for cisplatin-based chemotherapy and have not received prior systemic chemotherapy for inoperable, locally advanced or metastatic disease
“Patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer or
castration-resistant prostate cancer are in need of additional therapies
that can slow disease progression,” said
This multicenter, phase 1b, open-label study is divided into two parts: a dose-escalation phase and an expansion cohort phase. The dose-escalation phase is enrolling up to 36 patients either with advanced RCC with or without prior systemic therapy or with inoperable, locally advanced, metastatic or recurrent UC (including renal, pelvis, ureter, urinary bladder and urethra) after prior platinum-based therapy. The primary objective is to determine the optimal dose and schedule of daily oral administration of cabozantinib when given in combination with atezolizumab to inform the trial’s subsequent expansion stage. Cabozantinib doses of 40 mg daily and 60 mg daily are being evaluated. All patients will receive the standard atezolizumab dosing regimen (1200 mg infusion once every 3 weeks).
Once the recommended dose and schedule are determined — anticipated to occur in the first half of 2018 — the trial will begin to enroll the eight expansion cohorts. Each expansion cohort will initially enroll approximately 30 participants, although up to 80 may enroll in the cohorts of patients with UC or NSCLC who have been previously treated with an immune checkpoint inhibitor, for a total of up to 340 patients.
More information about this trial is available at ClinicalTrials.gov.
TECENTRIQ® (atezolizumab) is a registered trademark of
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About Exelixis’ Collaboration with
About Exelixis’ Collaboration with Takeda
About Genitourinary Cancers
Genitourinary cancers are those that affect the urinary tract, bladder, kidneys, ureter, prostate, testicles, penis or adrenal glands — parts of the body involved in reproduction and excretion — and include renal cell carcinoma (RCC) and urothelial carcinoma (UC).1
Kidney cancer is among the top ten most commonly diagnosed forms of cancer among both men and women in the U.S., according to the American Cancer Society’s 2017 statistics.2 Clear cell RCC is the most common type of kidney cancer in adults.3 If detected in its early stages, the five-year survival rate for RCC is high; for patients with advanced or late-stage metastatic RCC, however, the five-year survival rate is only 12 percent, with no identified cure for the disease.2 Approximately 30,000 patients in the U.S. and 68,000 globally require treatment.4
Prostate cancer is the second most common cause of cancer death in men, behind only skin cancer.5 There is a high survival rate for patients when prostate cancer is detected early, but once the disease has spread to other parts of the body the five-year survival rate is just 28 percent.6 Approximately 3,085,000 men were living with prostate cancer in the U.S. in 2014,7 and an estimated 160,000 new cases will be diagnosed this year.5
Urothelial cancers encompass carcinomas of the bladder, ureter and renal pelvis at a ratio of 50:3:1, respectively.8 Urothelial carcinoma occurs mainly in older people, with 90 percent of patients aged 55 or older.9 Bladder cancer is the fourth most common cancer in men and accounts for about five percent of all new cases of cancer in the U.S. each year.9 In 2014, an estimated 696,440 people were living with bladder cancer in the U.S.10
About Lung Cancer
Lung cancer is the number one cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide, leading to 1.6 million deaths annually.11 NSCLC accounts for 80 to 85 percent of all cases of lung cancer.12 Survival rates for lung cancer vary widely depending on how advanced the disease is at diagnosis. For those diagnosed at an early stage, more than 55 percent survive for five years, but that number drops to 29 percent if the disease has spread locally and less than 5 percent if it has spread to distant locations.13 Unfortunately, nearly 80 percent of lung cancer cases are diagnosed only after the disease has spread at least locally.13
About CABOMETYX® (cabozantinib)
CABOMETYX tablets are approved in
CABOMETYX is not indicated for the treatment of locally advanced or metastatic UC, NSCLC or CRPC.
U.S. Important Safety Information
- Hemorrhage: Severe and fatal hemorrhages have occurred with CABOMETYX. In two RCC studies, the incidence of Grade ≥ 3 hemorrhagic events was 3% in CABOMETYX-treated patients. Do not administer CABOMETYX to patients that have or are at risk for severe hemorrhage.
- Gastrointestinal (GI) Perforations and Fistulas: In RCC studies, fistulas were reported in 1% of CABOMETYX-treated patients. Fatal perforations occurred in patients treated with CABOMETYX. In RCC studies, gastrointestinal (GI) perforations were reported in 1% of CABOMETYX-treated patients. Monitor patients for symptoms of fistulas and perforations, including abscess and sepsis. Discontinue CABOMETYX in patients who experience a fistula which cannot be appropriately managed or a GI perforation.
- Thrombotic Events: CABOMETYX treatment results in an increased incidence of thrombotic events. In RCC studies, venous thromboembolism occurred in 9% (including 5% pulmonary embolism) and arterial thromboembolism occurred in 1% of CABOMETYX-treated patients. Fatal thrombotic events occurred in the cabozantinib clinical program. Discontinue CABOMETYX in patients who develop an acute myocardial infarction or any other arterial thromboembolic complication.
- Hypertension and Hypertensive Crisis: CABOMETYX treatment results in an increased incidence of treatment-emergent hypertension, including hypertensive crisis. In RCC studies, hypertension was reported in 44% (18% Grade ≥ 3) of CABOMETYX-treated patients. Monitor blood pressure prior to initiation and regularly during CABOMETYX treatment. Withhold CABOMETYX for hypertension that is not adequately controlled with medical management; when controlled, resume CABOMETYX at a reduced dose. Discontinue CABOMETYX for severe hypertension that cannot be controlled with anti-hypertensive therapy. Discontinue CABOMETYX if there is evidence of hypertensive crisis or severe hypertension despite optimal medical management.
- Diarrhea: In RCC studies, diarrhea occurred in 74% of patients treated with CABOMETYX. Grade 3 diarrhea occurred in 11% of patients treated with CABOMETYX. Withhold CABOMETYX in patients who develop intolerable Grade 2 diarrhea or Grade 3-4 diarrhea that cannot be managed with standard antidiarrheal treatments until improvement to Grade 1; resume CABOMETYX at a reduced dose.
- Palmar-Plantar Erythrodysesthesia (PPE): In RCC studies, palmar-plantar erythrodysesthesia (PPE) occurred in 42% of patients treated with CABOMETYX. Grade 3 PPE occurred in 8% of patients treated with CABOMETYX. Withhold CABOMETYX in patients who develop intolerable Grade 2 PPE or Grade 3 PPE until improvement to Grade 1; resume CABOMETYX at a reduced dose.
- Reversible Posterior Leukoencephalopathy Syndrome (RPLS), a syndrome of subcortical vasogenic edema diagnosed by characteristic finding on MRI, occurred in the cabozantinib clinical program. Perform an evaluation for RPLS in any patient presenting with seizures, headache, visual disturbances, confusion or altered mental function. Discontinue CABOMETYX in patients who develop RPLS.
- Embryo-fetal Toxicity may be associated with CABOMETYX. Advise pregnant women of the potential risk to a fetus. Advise females of reproductive potential to use effective contraception during CABOMETYX treatment and for 4 months after the last dose.
- Adverse Reactions: The most commonly reported (≥25%) adverse reactions are: diarrhea, fatigue, nausea, decreased appetite, hypertension, PPE, weight decreased, vomiting, dysgeusia, and stomatitis.
- Strong CYP3A4 Inhibitors: If concomitant use with strong CYP3A4 inhibitors cannot be avoided, reduce the CABOMETYX dosage.
- Strong CYP3A4 Inducers: If concomitant use with strong CYP3A4 inducers cannot be avoided, increase the CABOMETYX dosage.
- Lactation: Advise women not to breastfeed while taking CABOMETYX and for 4 months after the final dose.
- Hepatic Impairment: In patients with mild to moderate hepatic impairment, reduce the CABOMETYX dosage. CABOMETYX is not recommended for use in patients with severe hepatic impairment.
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Forward-Looking Statement Disclaimer
This press release contains forward-looking statements, including,
without limitation, statements related to: the clinical and therapeutic
potential of cabozantinib, including that it may promote an
3 Jonasch E., Gao J., Rathmell W.K., Renal cell carcinoma. BMJ. 2014; 349:g4797.
4 Decision Resources Report: Renal Cell Carcinoma.
8 Hurwitz, M. et al. Urothelial and Kidney Cancers. Cancer Management. http://www.cancernetwork.com/cancer-management/urothelial-and-kidney-cancers. Accessed
11 Torre L.A. et al. Global cancer statistics, 2012. CA Cancer J Clin. 2015; 65:87-108.
Susan Hubbard, 650-837-8194
EVP, Public Affairs and Investor Relations
Claire McConnaughey, 650-837-7052
Senior Manager, Public Affairs